I’ve never optimized a regular expression. I typically use regular expressions in scripts where efficiency doesn’t matter. And sometimes I do some regular expression processing as part of a larger program in which the bottleneck is somewhere else. But I’ve never worried about the efficiency of a regular expression.
Regular expression efficiency can matter. There are some regular expressions that can be astonishingly slow to match with some regular expression implementations. Russ Cox gives an example of a regular expression that takes Perl a minute to match against a string that’s only 29 characters long. Another regular expression implementation does the same match six orders of magnitude faster.
The example is contrived to show the difference between the approaches. I’m not sure whether I’ve ever run into a horribly inefficient regular expression on accident. Maybe once. I imagine people run into efficiency issues in practical applications, though I don’t.
I’d suggest worrying about regex efficiency if and when it becomes a problem. If your experience matches mine, that need may never come.
But if you do have a regex efficiency problem, or simply find regex implementation details interesting, I’d recommend Russ Cox’s article.
Notes on using regular expressions in