Stand-alone C++ implementation of the error function erf(x)

The following code first appeared as Python code in my blog post Stand-alone error function erf. See that post for documentation. See also Relating erf and Φ.


#include

double erf(double x)
{
// constants
double a1 = 0.254829592;
double a2 = -0.284496736;
double a3 = 1.421413741;
double a4 = -1.453152027;
double a5 = 1.061405429;
double p = 0.3275911;

// Save the sign of x
int sign = 1;
if (x < 0) sign = -1; x = fabs(x); // A&S formula 7.1.26 double t = 1.0/(1.0 + p*x); double y = 1.0 - (((((a5*t + a4)*t) + a3)*t + a2)*t + a1)*t*exp(-x*x); return sign*y; } void testErf() { // Select a few input values double x[] = { -3, -1, 0.0, 0.5, 2.1 }; // Output computed by Mathematica // y = Erf[x] double y[] = { -0.999977909503, -0.842700792950, 0.0, 0.520499877813, 0.997020533344 }; int numTests = sizeof(x)/sizeof(double); double maxError = 0.0; for (int i = 0; i < numTests; ++i) { double error = fabs(y[i] - erf(x[i])); if (error > maxError)
maxError = error;
}

std::cout << "Maximum error: " << maxError << "\n"; } [/code] A&S refers to Handbook of Mathematical Functions by Abramowitz and Stegun. See Stand-alone error function for details of the algorithm.

This code is in the public domain. Do whatever you want with it, no strings attached.

Other versions: C#, Python

Stand-alone numerical code