Q codes in Seveneves

The first time I heard of Q codes was when reading the novel Seveneves by Neal Stephenson. These are three-letter abbreviations using in Morse code that all begin with Q.

Since Q is always followed by U in native English words, Q can be used to begin a sort of escape sequence [1].

There are dozens of Q codes used in amateur radio [2], and more used in other contexts, but there are only 10 Q codes used in Seveneves [3]. All begin with Q, followed by R, S, or T.

Tree[Q, {Tree[R, {A, K, N, S, T}], Tree[S, {B, L, O}], Tree[T, {H, X}]}]

Each Q code can be used both as a question and as an answer or statement. For example, QRS can mean “Would you like me to slow down” or “Please slow down.” I’ll just give the interrogative forms below.

Here are the 10 codes that appear in Stephenson’s novel.

QRA
What is your call sign?
QRK
Is my signal intelligible?
QRN
Is static a problem?
QRS
Should I slow down?
QRT
Should I stop sending?
QSB
Is my signal fading?
QSL
Are you still there?
QSO
Could you communicate with …?
QTH
Where are you?
QTX
Will you keep your station open for talking with me?

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[1] Some Q codes have a U as the second letter. I don’t know why—there are plenty of unused TLAs that begin with Q—but it is what it is.

[2] You can find a list here.

[3] There is one non-standard code in the novel: QET for “not on planet Earth.”

One thought on “Q codes in Seveneves

  1. Q and Z codes not only provide an economical and effective means of communication in low bandwidth scenarios, they also provide a taxonomy and ontology for communications processes. At one time the use of Q and Z signals was the most efficient means of transferring information over large distances in a short time. Your attention is invited to the unclassified NATO publication ACP 131 for more insight into these seemingly innocuous codes.

    Stephenson’s scenario of CW via orbital platform is interesting, as anyone with a small and inexpensive handheld radio (and appropriately licensed) can communicate by voice to the ISS on UHF today. The CW scenario may will have been posited as an indication of the idiosyncratic nature of those concerned. Cheers! ^__^

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