Here are three things about dominoes, two easy and one more advanced.
First, how many pieces are there in a set of dominoes? A domino corresponds to an unordered pair of numbers from 0 to n. The most popular form has n = 6, but there are variations with other values of n. You can show that the number of dominoes is
This is because there are n+1 possible numbers (since blanks are a possibility) and each one is either a double or not. The number of ways to choose two distinct numbers is the binomial coefficient and the number of doubles is n+1.
Another way to look at this is that we are selecting two things from a set of n+1 things with replacement and so the number of possibilities is
where the symbol on the left is Stanley’s symbol for selection with replacement.
In any case, there are 28 dominoes when n = 6, 55 when n = 9, and 91 when n = 12.
There are a couple ways to make a magic square of sorts from a set of dominoes. To read more about this, see this post.
How many ways can you cover an m by n chess board with dominoes? The answer turns out to be
See this post for details.